• December 7, 2021

Biology MCQ on Thyroid Gland for NEET and Medical Exam 2021

MCQ on Thyroid Gland: Biology is one of the most important and vital sections in NEET. It includes theories, descriptions, discoveries, diagrams, definitions, explanation of differences and relations. Most of the concepts covered in the NEET syllabus are from the NCERT syllabus of Class 11 & 12. Other related sources make up for the rest of the syllabus.

MCQ on Thyroid Gland

In this post we are providing you MCQ on Thyroid Gland, which will be beneficial for you in upcoming NEET, AIIMS, JIPMER, PGIMER, CBSE Board, ICSE Board, Class 12th, 11th.

MCQ on Thyroid Gland

Q1. Grave’s disease or Basedow’s disease is due to ________.
a) Hyperactivity of adrenal cortex
b) Hypoactivity of the thyroid gland
c) Hyperactivity of thyroid gland
d) Hypoactivity of islets of Langerhans

View Answer

(c) Hyperactivity of thyroid gland

Q2. Which of these diseases is not related to thyroid glands?
a) Cretinism
b) Myxoedema
c) Goitre
d) Acromegaly

View Answer

 

Q3. Sometimes, the thyroid symptoms are mistaken for which condition?
a) Menopause
b) Posttraumatic stress
c) Pregnancy
d) Crohn’s disease

View Answer

(a) Menopause

Q4. _______ encloses thyroid, responsible for its movement during swallowing.
a) Prevertebral fascia
b) Pretracheal fascia
c) Investing layer of the deep cervical fascia
d) Superficial fascia

View Answer

(b) Pretracheal fascia

Q5. The main hormone secreted by the thyroid gland is ________.
a) T4
b) T3
c) (a) and (b) Both
d) TSH

View Answer

(c) (a) and (b) Both

Q6. This condition of chronic inflammation of the thyroid leading to under-activity is ________.
a) Thyroiditis
b) Goitre
c) Hypothyroidism
d) Hyperthyroidism

View Answer

(a) Thyroiditis

Q7. The four small glands in the thyroid gland are known as ________.
a) Adrenal gland
b) Pineal gland
c) Parathyroid gland
d) Endocrine and exocrine gland

View Answer

(c) Parathyroid gland

Q8. Medications for hypothyroidism include treatment that ________.
a) Replaces insulin
b) Replaces ADH
c) Replaces TH
d) Replaces surfactant

View Answer

(c) Replaces TH

Q9. Iodine deficiency can cause ________.
a) Goitre
b) Thyroid cancer
c) Solitary thyroid nodules
d) Thyroiditis

View Answer

(a) Goitre

Q10. In chronically deficient patients, which abnormality is directly related to the enlargement of the thyroid gland ?
a) Impaired conversion of T3 and T4
b) Reduced activity of thyroperoxidase
c) Elevated levels of TSH
d) An antibody that binds to the TSH receptor in the thyroid gland

View Answer

(c) Elevated levels of TSH


MCQ Link for NEET/JEE
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NEET/JEE Chemistry MCQ Click Here
NEET Biology MCQ Click Here
JEE Math’s MCQ Click Here

 

Notes PDF Link for NEET/JEE
Physics Notes PDF Click Here
Chemistry Notes PDF Click Here
Biology Notes PDF Click Here
Math’s Notes PDF Click Here

 


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