Verb Forms Notes – English Grammar Notes PDF for Academic and Competitive Exams

Verb Forms Notes: Verbs are an essential part of English grammar, as they help to express actions, states of being, and occurrences. In this blog, we will explore the different forms of verbs and provide examples of how they are used in sentences.

Verb Forms

There are three main forms of verbs in English grammar:

  1. Base Form: The base form of a verb is the simplest form of the verb, usually the form listed in the dictionary. It is also known as the infinitive form and often follows the word “to.”


  • to walk
  • to sing
  • to eat
  1. Past Tense: The past tense form of a verb is used to describe an action that occurred in the past. In regular verbs, the past tense is formed by adding “-ed” to the base form. In irregular verbs, the past tense form is formed by changing the vowel or the entire word.


  • walked (regular verb)
  • sang (irregular verb)
  • ate (irregular verb)
  1. Past Participle: The past participle form of a verb is used to form the perfect tenses, such as the present perfect, past perfect, and future perfect tenses. In regular verbs, the past participle is formed by adding “-ed” to the base form. In irregular verbs, the past participle form can vary.


  • walked (regular verb)
  • sung (irregular verb)
  • eaten (irregular verb)

Verb Forms in Action

Here are some examples of how verb forms are used in sentences:

  1. Base Form:
  • I want to walk in the park today.
  • She loves to sing in the shower.
  • He needs to eat breakfast before going to work.
  1. Past Tense:
  • I walked to the store yesterday.
  • She sang a beautiful song at the concert.
  • He ate a delicious meal at the restaurant.
  1. Past Participle:
  • I have walked three miles already today.
  • She has sung in many different languages.
  • He has eaten at that restaurant before.

It’s important to note that verb forms can also be used to form other tenses, such as the present continuous, past continuous, and future continuous tenses, among others. Additionally, some verbs may have irregular forms for both the past tense and past participle, so it’s essential to memorize these forms for accuracy in writing and speaking.

In conclusion, understanding the different forms of verbs is critical to clear communication in English. By mastering the base form, past tense, and past participle, you can construct well-formed sentences and communicate effectively in both spoken and written English.

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By Team Learning Mantras

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