List of Western and Eastern Coast Ports in India: India has a vast coastline along the Arabian Sea to the west and the Bay of Bengal to the east. This extensive coastline hosts numerous ports, both major and minor, which play a vital role in India’s maritime trade and commerce.
Government Initiatives for Port Sector
The Indian government has launched several initiatives and policies to promote and develop the port sector in the country. These initiatives are aimed at modernizing and expanding port infrastructure, improving efficiency, and enhancing the competitiveness of Indian ports in the global market. Some of the key government initiatives for the port sector include:
- Sagarmala Project: The Sagarmala Project is a flagship initiative of the Indian government aimed at transforming the country’s logistics and shipping sector. It focuses on port modernization, port-led industrialization, and coastal community development. The project aims to harness the full potential of India’s coastline for the economic benefit of the country.
- Maritime India Vision 2030: The Maritime India Vision 2030 is a strategic roadmap to enhance the Indian maritime sector’s competitiveness. It outlines a range of initiatives to promote port-led development, improve infrastructure, and enhance connectivity. The vision includes the creation of a national port grid and the development of world-class infrastructure at key ports.
- Port Community System (PCS): The Indian Ports Association (IPA) has launched PCS, which is a single-window digital platform that integrates and streamlines various port and logistics-related processes. It aims to reduce paperwork, enhance transparency, and improve the ease of doing business in the port sector.
- Make in India: The Make in India initiative encourages manufacturing and production in India, with a focus on exports. The port sector plays a critical role in facilitating the movement of goods for both domestic consumption and exports. The initiative aims to make India a global manufacturing hub.
- Ease of Doing Business Reforms: The government has initiated various reforms to improve the ease of doing business at Indian ports. This includes reducing dwell times, simplifying customs procedures, and enhancing trade facilitation.
- National Maritime Development Program (NMDP): The NMDP is a comprehensive program aimed at upgrading and modernizing India’s major ports and their connectivity infrastructure. It includes projects for port capacity expansion, dredging, and improving rail and road connectivity.
- Green Port Initiatives: Several Indian ports have launched green and sustainable port initiatives to reduce their environmental impact. These initiatives include the adoption of renewable energy sources, energy-efficient lighting, and waste management practices.
- Port Connectivity: The government is working on improving the connectivity of ports through road and rail networks. Projects like the Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFC) and the Bharatmala Pariyojana aim to enhance the transportation of cargo to and from ports.
- National Logistics Policy: The National Logistics Policy is being developed to create a more efficient and competitive logistics sector, with a focus on reducing logistics costs and promoting multimodal transportation.
List of Western and Eastern Coast Ports in India
|Eastern Coast||Tamil Nadu||Chennai||
|Eastern Coast||Tamil Nadu||Ennore||
|Eastern Coast||West Bengal||Kolkata||
|Western Coast||Maharashtra||Mumbai Port Trust||
|Western Coast||Maharashtra||Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) also known as Nhava Sheva, Navi Mumbai||
|Eastern Coast||Tamil Nadu||Tuticorin||
|Eastern Coast||Andhra Pradesh||Visakhapatnam||
|Bay of Bengal||Andaman & Nicobar Islands||Port Blair||
By Team Learning Mantras