List of Western and Eastern Coast Ports in India – Geography Notes PDF in English & Hindi for UPSC and Other Competitive Exams

List of Western and Eastern Coast Ports in India: India has a vast coastline along the Arabian Sea to the west and the Bay of Bengal to the east. This extensive coastline hosts numerous ports, both major and minor, which play a vital role in India’s maritime trade and commerce.

Government Initiatives for Port Sector

The Indian government has launched several initiatives and policies to promote and develop the port sector in the country. These initiatives are aimed at modernizing and expanding port infrastructure, improving efficiency, and enhancing the competitiveness of Indian ports in the global market. Some of the key government initiatives for the port sector include:

  • Sagarmala Project: The Sagarmala Project is a flagship initiative of the Indian government aimed at transforming the country’s logistics and shipping sector. It focuses on port modernization, port-led industrialization, and coastal community development. The project aims to harness the full potential of India’s coastline for the economic benefit of the country.
  • Maritime India Vision 2030: The Maritime India Vision 2030 is a strategic roadmap to enhance the Indian maritime sector’s competitiveness. It outlines a range of initiatives to promote port-led development, improve infrastructure, and enhance connectivity. The vision includes the creation of a national port grid and the development of world-class infrastructure at key ports.
  • Port Community System (PCS): The Indian Ports Association (IPA) has launched PCS, which is a single-window digital platform that integrates and streamlines various port and logistics-related processes. It aims to reduce paperwork, enhance transparency, and improve the ease of doing business in the port sector.
  • Make in India: The Make in India initiative encourages manufacturing and production in India, with a focus on exports. The port sector plays a critical role in facilitating the movement of goods for both domestic consumption and exports. The initiative aims to make India a global manufacturing hub.
  • Ease of Doing Business Reforms: The government has initiated various reforms to improve the ease of doing business at Indian ports. This includes reducing dwell times, simplifying customs procedures, and enhancing trade facilitation.
  • National Maritime Development Program (NMDP): The NMDP is a comprehensive program aimed at upgrading and modernizing India’s major ports and their connectivity infrastructure. It includes projects for port capacity expansion, dredging, and improving rail and road connectivity.
  • Green Port Initiatives: Several Indian ports have launched green and sustainable port initiatives to reduce their environmental impact. These initiatives include the adoption of renewable energy sources, energy-efficient lighting, and waste management practices.
  • Port Connectivity: The government is working on improving the connectivity of ports through road and rail networks. Projects like the Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFC) and the Bharatmala Pariyojana aim to enhance the transportation of cargo to and from ports.
  • National Logistics Policy: The National Logistics Policy is being developed to create a more efficient and competitive logistics sector, with a focus on reducing logistics costs and promoting multimodal transportation.

List of Western and Eastern Coast Ports in India

Zone State Port Features
Eastern Coast Tamil Nadu Chennai
  • Artificial Port
  • Second busiest port
Western Coast Kerala Kochi
  • Sited in the Vembanad lake
  • Exports of spices and salts
Eastern Coast Tamil Nadu Ennore
  • India’s First corporatized port
Eastern Coast West Bengal Kolkata
  • India’s only major Riverine port.
  • Situated on Hugli river.
  • Known as Diamond Harbour.
Western Coast Gujarat Kandla
  • Known as Tidal Port
  • Acknowledged as Trade Free Zone
  • Largest port by volume of cargo handled.
Western Coast Karnataka Mangalore
  • Deals with the iron ore exports
Western Coast Goa Mormugao
  • Situated on the estuary of the river Zuari
Western Coast Maharashtra Mumbai Port Trust
  • Largest Natural Port and harbour In India.
  • The busiest port in India.
Western Coast Maharashtra Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) also known as Nhava Sheva, Navi Mumbai
  • Largest Artificial Port.
  • It is the Largest Container Port in India.
Eastern Coast Odisha Paradip
  • Natural Harbor
  • Deals with the export of iron and aluminium
Eastern Coast Tamil Nadu Tuticorin
  • A major port in south India
  • Deals with the fertilizers and petrochemical products
Eastern Coast Andhra Pradesh Visakhapatnam
  • Deepest port of India
  • Deals with the export of iron ore to Japan.
  • Amenities for building and fixing of ships are available
Bay of Bengal Andaman & Nicobar Islands Port Blair
  • The port connected to the mainland of India through ship and flight.
  • This port is situated in between two international shipping lines namely Saudi Arabia & US Singapore.


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By Team Learning Mantras