Major Indian River Systems – Geography Notes PDF in English & Hindi for UPSC and Other Competitive Exams

Major Indian River Systems: River systems not only provide water for agriculture and support diverse ecosystems but also have cultural and religious significance in India. They are essential for the country’s water resources, transportation, and hydropower generation.

India is crisscrossed by a complex network of rivers, many of which are perennial and play a vital role in the country’s agriculture, transportation, and culture. Here are some of the major river systems in India:

  • Ganges (Ganga) River System:
    • The Ganges is one of the most sacred and important rivers in India.
    • It originates from the Gangotri Glacier in Uttarakhand and flows through northern India.
    • Major tributaries include the Yamuna, Son, and Gandak rivers.
    • The Ganges delta, where it meets the Bay of Bengal, is home to the Sundarbans mangrove forest, famous for the Bengal tiger.
  • Yamuna River:
    • The Yamuna is a major tributary of the Ganges and flows through northern India.
    • It originates from the Yamunotri Glacier in Uttarakhand.
    • The Yamuna passes through Delhi and Agra before merging with the Ganges in Allahabad.
  • Brahmaputra River:
    • The Brahmaputra, known as the Tsangpo in Tibet, flows through India’s northeastern states.
    • It enters India through Arunachal Pradesh and flows through Assam and West Bengal before entering Bangladesh.
    • The Brahmaputra delta in Bangladesh is the largest in the world.
  • Indus River System:
    • The Indus River flows through Tibet and enters India in the Union Territory of Ladakh.
    • Its major tributaries are the Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, and Chenab.
    • The Indus flows into Pakistan and eventually into the Arabian Sea.
  • Krishna River:
    • The Krishna River originates in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra and flows through Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
    • It has several major tributaries, including the Tungabhadra and Bhima rivers.
  • Godavari River:
    • The Godavari is the second-longest river in India after the Ganges.
    • It flows through Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, and Chhattisgarh.
    • The major tributaries of the Godavari include the Indravati and the Pranhita rivers.
  • Narmada River:
    • The Narmada River flows through central India and divides the Vindhya and Satpura mountain ranges.
    • It is known for the Marble Rocks at Bhedaghat in Madhya Pradesh.
  • Tapi River (Tapti):
    • The Tapi River originates in the Satpura Range in Madhya Pradesh and flows through Maharashtra and Gujarat.
  • Mahanadi River:
    • The Mahanadi River flows through the states of Chhattisgarh and Odisha.
    • It has a delta on the Bay of Bengal coast.
  • Cauvery River:
    • The Cauvery River originates in the Western Ghats of Karnataka and flows through Tamil Nadu and Puducherry.
    • It is an important river for both states and is a source of dispute at times.

Indian River Systems

List of Major Indian River Systems

River System  Total length Length in  India
Indus River System 3180  km 1114 km
Brahmaputra River System 2900 km 916 km
Ganga River System 2510 km 2510 km
Yamuna river System 1376 km 1376 km
Narmada River System 1312 km 1312 km
Tapi River System 724 km 724 km
Godavari River System 1465 km 1465 km
Krishna River System 1400 km 1400 km
Cauvery River System 805 km 805 km
Mahanadi River System 851 km 851 km


Download Major Indian River Systems Notes PDF in Hindi

Download Major Indian River Systems Notes PDF in English

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By Team Learning Mantras