Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan – Modern Indian History Notes PDF in English & Hindi for all Competitive Exams

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan: Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan’s life and work have left an enduring impact on the history of the Indian freedom movement and the broader struggle for social justice and nonviolent resistance. His dedication to the principles of nonviolence and his advocacy for the rights of marginalized communities continue to inspire people worldwide.

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, also known as Bacha Khan, was a prominent Indian freedom fighter and a key leader in the Indian independence movement. He was a passionate advocate for nonviolent resistance and the rights of India’s marginalized communities. Here are some key points about Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan’s life and contributions:

Early Life:

  • Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan was born on February 6, 1890, in the present-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa region of Pakistan, which was then part of British India.
  • He came from a family of prominent Pashtun leaders and was raised in a politically active environment.

Nonviolent Resistance:

  • Ghaffar Khan was deeply influenced by Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of nonviolent resistance. He adopted and promoted the idea of nonviolent civil disobedience as a means to achieve political and social change.
  • He founded the Khilafat Movement in the Northwest Frontier Province (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) to unite Muslims in India against British colonial rule.

Khilafat and Civil Disobedience Movements:

  • Ghaffar Khan played a significant role in the Khilafat Movement and the Non-Cooperation Movement, which aimed to boycott British institutions and goods.
  • He was instrumental in mobilizing the Pashtun community to participate in the Indian freedom struggle.

Formation of the Khilafat National Council: In 1929, Ghaffar Khan formed the Khilafat National Council, which became a platform for nonviolent resistance against British rule.

The Red Shirt Movement: Ghaffar Khan’s followers, known as Khilafat volunteers and later as “Red Shirts,” participated in mass protests and nonviolent demonstrations against British rule. The red shirts became a symbol of their movement.

Advocacy for Pashtun Rights: Ghaffar Khan was a vocal advocate for the rights of the Pashtun people and worked to address their social, economic, and political issues.

Partition and Aftermath: After the partition of India in 1947, Ghaffar Khan and the Pashtun-dominated areas became part of Pakistan. He continued his efforts to promote nonviolence and social justice.


  • Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan is remembered for his unwavering commitment to nonviolent resistance and social justice. He is often referred to as the “Frontier Gandhi” for his Gandhian principles.
  • He received several awards and honors during his lifetime, including the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, which he was posthumously awarded in 1987.
  • Ghaffar Khan’s legacy continues to influence nonviolent movements for justice and human rights around the world.

Download Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan Notes PDF in Hindi

Download Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan Notes PDF in English

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By Team Learning Mantras