Bhagat Singh – Modern Indian History Notes PDF in English & Hindi for all Competitive Exams

Bhagat Singh: Bhagat Singh’s dedication to the cause of India’s independence and his willingness to make the ultimate sacrifice for his beliefs have left an indelible mark on the history of the Indian freedom movement. His legacy continues to inspire generations of Indians and people around the world who believe in the principles of justice, freedom, and equality.

Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh was a fearless and iconic revolutionary in the Indian independence movement who played a significant role in the fight against British colonial rule. He is celebrated for his patriotism, dedication, and his willingness to make the ultimate sacrifice for India’s freedom. Here are some key points about Bhagat Singh’s life and contributions:

Early Life:

  • Bhagat Singh was born on September 28, 1907, in Banga, Punjab, which is now in Pakistan. He came from a family with a history of political and social activism.
  • He was deeply influenced by the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in 1919 and the Akali movement, which sought to reform and protect the rights of Sikh gurdwaras.

Role in the Independence Movement:

  • Bhagat Singh joined the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), a revolutionary organization dedicated to overthrowing British rule through armed struggle.
  • He was involved in several acts of protest and violence against the British, including the non-fatal bombing of the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi in 1929, to protest against repressive laws.
  • Bhagat Singh became a symbol of resistance and was known for his fearlessness and commitment to the cause of India’s independence.

Jail and Hunger Strikes:

  • While in prison, Bhagat Singh and his fellow inmates conducted hunger strikes to demand better treatment for political prisoners and expose the harsh conditions in British jails.

Execution and Legacy:

  • Bhagat Singh, along with Rajguru and Sukhdev, was sentenced to death for his involvement in the killing of British police officer J.P. Saunders. They were executed on March 23, 1931, in Lahore Central Jail.
  • Bhagat Singh’s execution sparked widespread protests and led to increased public awareness of the freedom struggle.

Ideology and Beliefs:

  • Bhagat Singh was deeply influenced by socialist and Marxist ideologies. He believed in the need for a just and equitable society, free from exploitation.
  • He championed secularism and fought against communalism and religious discrimination.


  • Bhagat Singh remains a symbol of courage and sacrifice in the Indian independence movement. He is often referred to as “Shaheed-e-Azam” (Martyr of the Nation) in India.
  • His life and actions continue to inspire freedom fighters and activists worldwide who seek justice, equality, and an end to colonialism and oppression.
  • Bhagat Singh’s life and sacrifice are celebrated in India through various memorials, events, and popular culture. His birth anniversary, September 28, is observed as “Shaheed Diwas” (Martyrs’ Day) in his honor.

Download Bhagat Singh Notes PDF in Hindi

Download Bhagat Singh Notes PDF in English

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By Team Learning Mantras