Rashtrakutas (755 – 975 AD) – Medieval Indian History Notes PDF in English & Hindi for all Competitive Exams

Rashtrakutas (755 – 975 AD): The Rashtrakutas were a notable dynasty that played a significant role in the history and cultural development of the Deccan region. Their architectural and cultural contributions continue to be celebrated as a testament to the rich heritage of South India.

Rashtrakutas (755 – 975 AD)

The Rashtrakuta Dynasty was a prominent Indian dynasty that ruled over a significant part of the Deccan region, as well as parts of central and northern India, from approximately 755 to 975 AD. Here are key points about the Rashtrakuta Dynasty:

1. Origin and Rise:

  • The Rashtrakutas were originally a feudatory dynasty under the Chalukyas of Badami. They gradually gained power and independence and founded their kingdom in the Deccan.

2. Early Rulers:

  • Dantidurga is often credited with establishing the Rashtrakuta Dynasty as an independent power in the Deccan.
  • His successor, Govinda III, expanded the empire’s territory and consolidated its power.

3. Amoghavarsha I:

  • One of the most renowned Rashtrakuta rulers was Amoghavarsha I (reigned from 814 to 878 AD).
  • He was a patron of arts, literature, and culture and played a significant role in the revival of Jainism.
  • Amoghavarsha’s reign is often considered the peak of Rashtrakuta power and influence.

4. Contributions to Art and Culture:

  • The Rashtrakutas made significant contributions to Indian art and culture.
  • They were known for their patronage of temple architecture, and many temples were built during their rule, including the famous Kailash Temple at Ellora.

5. Decline and Fragmentation:

  • After Amoghavarsha’s reign, the Rashtrakuta Empire started to decline, facing internal strife and external threats.
  • The empire fragmented into multiple smaller kingdoms, with several Rashtrakuta branches ruling over different regions.

6. Chalukya-Chola Conflicts:

  • The Rashtrakutas were involved in conflicts with the Cholas and the Chalukyas during their later period.
  • The Chola ruler Rajaraja I defeated the Rashtrakutas in the Battle of Takkolam in 949 AD, marking a significant turning point.

7. Legacy:

  • The Rashtrakutas left a lasting legacy in terms of architecture, literature, and cultural contributions.
  • Their architectural marvels, such as the Kailash Temple and the Jain cave temples at Ellora, are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
  • The literary works from the Rashtrakuta period, including Kannada poetry, continue to be studied and celebrated.

8. End of the Dynasty:

  • The Rashtrakuta Dynasty gradually weakened and fragmented, eventually leading to its decline in the 10th century.
  • The dynasty effectively ended in 975 AD when Tailapa II, a Chalukya ruler, defeated the Rashtrakuta king Khottiga.

Download Rashtrakutas (755 – 975 AD) Notes PDF in Hindi

Download Rashtrakutas (755 – 975 AD) Notes PDF in English

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By Team Learning Mantras