Officers List in Mughal Empire: This list provides an overview of the key officers and officials in the Mughal Empire’s administrative structure. The empire’s administration was characterized by a hierarchical system with well-defined roles and responsibilities aimed at maintaining the empire’s governance and stability.
Officers List in Mughal Empire
The Mughal Empire had a well-structured administrative system with various officers and officials responsible for governing the empire efficiently. Here is a list of some key officers and officials in the Mughal administrative hierarchy:
- Emperor (Badshah): The Mughal Emperor was the ultimate authority in the empire and held both political and religious power. All decisions of the state were made in the emperor’s name.
- Wazir (Prime Minister): The Wazir was the chief minister and the second most powerful person in the empire after the emperor. They oversaw the day-to-day administration, advised the emperor, and managed the royal court.
- Diwan (Revenue Minister): The Diwan was responsible for revenue collection and financial matters. They maintained revenue records, assessed taxes, and managed the treasury.
- Mir Bakshi (Military Commander): The Mir Bakshi was in charge of the imperial army and responsible for recruitment, promotions, and military affairs. They often held a high rank in the nobility.
- Mir Saman (Chief Steward): The Mir Saman was responsible for the emperor’s household, including managing the imperial kitchen, court entertainers, and various aspects of palace administration.
- Qazi (Islamic Judge): Qazis administered Islamic law and presided over Islamic courts. They played a crucial role in settling disputes and ensuring justice according to Islamic principles.
- Sadr (Religious Head): The Sadr held a prominent position in religious matters, overseeing religious endowments, promoting religious orthodoxy, and supervising religious institutions.
- Amir-ul-Umara (Noble of Nobles): The Amir-ul-Umara was the highest-ranking noble under the emperor and often held multiple positions, including governorships and military commands.
- Subahdar (Provincial Governor): Subahdars governed the provinces or subahs of the empire. They were responsible for maintaining law and order, revenue collection, and defense in their regions.
- Faujdar (District Commander): Faujdars were military commanders responsible for specific districts within a province. They had administrative and law enforcement duties.
- Kotwal (City Police Chief): Kotwals were responsible for maintaining law and order in cities. They supervised the police force, ensured public safety, and regulated urban activities.
- Dewan-e-Kohi (Agricultural Revenue Officer): Dewan-e-Kohis assessed and collected agricultural revenue (kharaj) from farmers in their jurisdictions.
- Dewan-e-Ard (Land Revenue Officer): Dewan-e-Ards were responsible for assessing and collecting land revenue (mal) from landowners and cultivators.
- Hakim (Physician): Hakims served as royal physicians and were responsible for the health and well-being of the emperor and the royal family.
- Daroga (Administrator): Darogas were administrators responsible for various functions such as maintaining public buildings, overseeing markets, and managing public works.
- Karkuns (Clerks and Scribes): Karkuns performed administrative tasks such as record-keeping, drafting official documents, and maintaining correspondence.
- Munshis (Secretaries): Munshis were responsible for correspondence, translations, and administrative paperwork, particularly in Persian, the official language of the Mughal court.
By Team Learning Mantras