List of Major Straits – Geography Notes PDF in English & Hindi for UPSC and Other Competitive Exams

List of Major Straits: Major straits of the world are used by commercial shipping to travel from one sea or exclusive economic zone to another and they are of immense strategic and commercial importance. They also serve as a channel through which ocean currents pass modifying the climate of that area. Due to these reasons, they play an important role in physical and human geography.

List of Major Straits

Strait Contiguous Landmass Joining Seas/Water Bodies
Formosa Strait China and Taiwan The South China Sea and the East China Sea
Strait of Tartary Russia (East Russia-Sakhalin Islands) Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan
Yucatan Strait Mexico and Cuba The Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea
Mesina Strait Italy and Sicily The Tyrrhenian Sea and the Ionian Sea, within the central Mediterranean
Otranto Strait Italy and Albania Adriatic Sea & Ionian Sea
Cook Strait New Zealand The Tasman Sea and South Pacific Ocean
Mozambique Channel Mozambique and Madagascar Indian Ocean
North Channel Ireland and Scotland Irish Sea and Atlantic Ocean
Hormuz Strait Iran and Oman The Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf
Bab-el-Mandeb Djibouti, Yemen, and Eritrea of the Somali Peninsula The Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea
Ten Degree Channel Car Nicobar Islands and Little Andaman Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal
Sunda Strait Java island of Indonesia with its Sumatra island. Java Sea and the Indian Ocean
Florida Strait Cuba and the USA Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean
Bering Strait Asia from America The Arctic Ocean and East Pacific ocean
Strait of Gibraltar Spain and Morocco The Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea
Korea Strait Japan and South Korea The East China Sea and the Sea of Japan
Strait of Malacca Malaysia and Sumatra The Pacific Ocean to the east with the Indian Ocean to the west
Bonifacio Strait Corsica island of France and Sardinia islands of Italy The Tyrrhenian Sea and the Mediterranean Sea
Palk Strait India and Sri Lanka The Bay of Bengal in the northeast with the Palk Bay/Arabian Sea in the southwest
Bosphorus Strait Divides Europe from Asia The Black Sea to Sea of Marmara
Bass Strait Tasmania island and mainland Australia The Great Australian Bight and the Tasman Sea
Davis Strait Between Greenland and Canada The Baffin Bay and the Labrador Sea
Jamaica Channel Jamaica and Hispaniola The Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic
Hudson Strait Baffin Island and Labrador peninsula Hudson Bay and the Labrador Sea


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By Team Learning Mantras