Diffusion of gases in the Alveolar Region – Class 11 | Chapter – 17 | Biology Short Notes Series PDF

Diffusion of gases in the Alveolar RegionThe alveolar region is highly vascular. Each alveolus is made up of highly permeable and thin layers of squamous epithelial cells. The barrier between the alveoli and the capillaries is thin and diffusion of gases take place from higher partial pressure to lower partial pressure. Hence, gaseous exchange takes place in the aboral region only but not in any other part of the respiratory system.

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Reason of Diffusion of gases in the Alveolar Region

  • Each alveolus is made up of highly permeable and thin layers of squamous epithelial cells, making it very thin.
  • Also, it is highly vasculated (have rich supply of blood capillaries).
  • Oxygen-rich air enters the body through the nose and reaches the alveoli.
  • The deoxygenated (carbon dioxide-rich) blood from the body is brought to the heart by the veins. The heart pumps it to the lungs for oxygenation.
  • The exchange of O2 O2O_2 and CO2 takes CO2CO_2​ place between the blood capillaries surrounding the alveoli and the gases present in the alveoli.
  • Thus, the alveoli are the sites for gaseous exchange.
  • The exchange of gases takes place by simple diffusion because of pressure difference or concentration differences.
  • The barrier between the alveoli and the capillaries is thin and the diffusion of gases takes place from higher partial pressure to lower partial pressure.
  • The venous blood that reaches the alveoli has the lower partial pressure of O2 and higher partial pressure of CO2 CO2CO_2 as compared to alveolar air.
  • Hence, oxygen diffuses into the blood. Simultaneously, carbon dioxide diffuses out of blood and into the alveoli.

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By Team Learning Mantras