Tenses Notes – English Grammar Notes PDF for Academic and Competitive Exams

Tenses Notes: Tense is an important aspect of English grammar, and it refers to the time of an action or event. In English, there are three main tenses: past, present, and future. Each tense has four aspects: simple, progressive, perfect, and perfect progressive. In this blog, we will discuss each of these tenses in detail with examples.

Types of Tenses

There are three primary types of tenses in English grammar: Present Tense, Past Tense, and Future Tense. Each of these tenses has several forms that are used to indicate various aspects of time and duration.

  1. Present Tense: The present tense is used to describe actions that are currently happening, habitual actions, or facts that are always true.


  • She sings beautifully.
  • I walk to school every day.
  • The sun rises in the east.

Forms of Present Tense:

  • Simple Present Tense
  • Present Continuous Tense
  • Present Perfect Tense
  • Present Perfect Continuous Tense
  1. Past Tense: The past tense is used to describe actions that have already happened or occurred.


  • She sang beautifully.
  • I walked to school yesterday.
  • The sun rose in the east this morning.

Forms of Past Tense:

  • Simple Past Tense
  • Past Continuous Tense
  • Past Perfect Tense
  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense
  1. Future Tense: The future tense is used to describe actions that will happen in the future or actions that are expected to happen.


  • She will sing beautifully.
  • I will walk to school tomorrow.
  • The sun will rise in the east tomorrow morning.

Forms of Future Tense:

  • Simple Future Tense
  • Future Continuous Tense
  • Future Perfect Tense
  • Future Perfect Continuous Tense

It’s important to note that each of these tenses can also have different forms depending on the aspect (simple, continuous, perfect, or perfect continuous) and the mood (indicative, subjunctive, or imperative) of the sentence.

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By Team Learning Mantras

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