Swami Vivekananda – Modern Indian History Notes PDF in English & Hindi for all Competitive Exams

Swami Vivekananda: Swami Vivekananda’s life and teachings continue to inspire individuals in India and around the world. His emphasis on the unity of all religions and the importance of service to humanity remains highly relevant in today’s multicultural and interconnected world.

Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902) was a renowned Indian Hindu monk and spiritual leader who played a crucial role in the introduction of Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to the Western world. He was a key figure in the late 19th and early 20th-century Indian renaissance and the broader global spread of Indian spirituality and philosophy. Here are some key aspects of Swami Vivekananda’s life and contributions:

Early Life:

  • Swami Vivekananda was born as Narendranath Datta in Kolkata, India, on January 12, 1863. He came from a well-educated and culturally rich family.

Meeting Ramakrishna:

  • In his youth, Narendranath was deeply interested in philosophy and spirituality. He met the mystic and spiritual teacher Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, who would become his guru and greatly influence his life and teachings.

Spiritual Journey:

  • After the passing of Sri Ramakrishna, Narendranath (now known as Swami Vivekananda) embarked on a profound spiritual journey, seeking to realize the truths of spirituality through meditation and self-discovery.

Chicago World’s Parliament of Religions (1893):

  • One of Swami Vivekananda’s most iconic moments was his address at the World’s Parliament of Religions held in Chicago in 1893. His speech began with the famous words, “Sisters and brothers of America,” and he went on to promote the ideals of religious tolerance, universal acceptance, and the harmony of world religions. This speech made him an international sensation and is still remembered for its message of interfaith understanding.

Formation of the Ramakrishna Mission:

  • After his return to India, Swami Vivekananda founded the Ramakrishna Math and the Ramakrishna Mission, organizations dedicated to the propagation of his guru’s teachings, as well as education, social service, and spiritual development.

Social Service and Education:

  • Swami Vivekananda emphasized the importance of selfless service to humanity. His teachings inspired numerous social service activities, including the establishment of schools, colleges, hospitals, and orphanages. He believed that education and knowledge were essential for individual and societal progress.

Writings and Lectures:

  • Swami Vivekananda was a prolific writer and speaker. His lectures and writings on a wide range of topics, including Vedanta, spirituality, and social issues, have been widely read and continue to influence people worldwide.


  • He promoted Vedanta as a way of life and believed in the divinity of every individual. He taught that the true nature of the self is divine and that realizing this divinity is the goal of human life.


  • Swami Vivekananda’s legacy endures through the global spread of the Ramakrishna Mission and the Vedanta Society, as well as his writings and teachings. He is celebrated as a spiritual and philosophical luminary who contributed to the harmonious coexistence of different faiths and the betterment of humanity.

Download Swami Vivekananda Notes PDF in Hindi

Download Swami Vivekananda Notes PDF in English

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By Team Learning Mantras