Subhas Chandra Bose – Modern Indian History Notes PDF in English & Hindi for all Competitive Exams

Subhas Chandra Bose: Subhas Chandra Bose’s life and his unwavering resolve in the pursuit of India’s independence have left an indelible mark on the country’s history, and he remains a symbol of courage and determination in the fight against colonialism.

Subhas Chandra Bose

Subhas Chandra Bose, often referred to as Netaji, was a prominent Indian nationalist leader who played a crucial role in the struggle for India’s independence from British colonial rule. He was known for his strong patriotism, leadership, and unwavering commitment to the cause of India’s freedom. Here are some key points about Subhas Chandra Bose’s life and contributions:

Early Life:

  • Subhas Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, Odisha, India, into a well-educated and politically active family.
  • He completed his education in India and then went to England to study at the University of Cambridge, where he cleared the Indian Civil Service examination. However, he chose not to pursue a career in the civil service and returned to India.

Leadership in the Freedom Struggle:

  • Bose became an active member of the Indian National Congress and was known for his strong advocacy of complete independence (Purna Swaraj) for India. He disagreed with the Congress’s moderate stance on achieving self-rule and was a vocal critic of British colonialism.
  • He served as the mayor of Calcutta (now Kolkata) in 1930 and was later elected as the President of the Indian National Congress in 1938 and 1939.
  • His differences with Mahatma Gandhi and other Congress leaders regarding the strategy for achieving independence led to his resignation from the Congress in 1939.

Formation of the Forward Bloc:

  • Subhas Chandra Bose later formed the Forward Bloc in 1939, an organization that advocated militant and direct action against British rule.
  • He sought assistance from countries such as Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan during World War II to aid in India’s liberation struggle.

Role in World War II:

  • During World War II, Bose led the Indian National Army (INA), which was composed of Indian prisoners of war and civilians from Southeast Asia. The INA aimed to free India from British rule and allied with the Axis powers.
  • Bose’s famous slogan “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom” inspired many to join the INA.

Mystery Surrounding His Death:

  • Subhas Chandra Bose’s death remains a subject of debate and mystery. While it is widely believed that he died in a plane crash in Taiwan on August 18, 1945, some theories and conspiracy theories suggest otherwise.
  • The controversy surrounding his death has led to numerous investigations and inquiries over the years, but conclusive evidence remains elusive.


  • Subhas Chandra Bose is remembered as a charismatic and fearless leader who had a significant impact on the Indian freedom movement. He is hailed as a hero by many for his dedication and commitment to the cause of India’s independence.
  • Bose’s contributions to the freedom struggle and his role in establishing the Azad Hind government (the provisional government of free India) continue to be celebrated in India.
  • His life and legacy are honored annually on his birth anniversary, January 23, known as “Netaji Jayanti.”

Download Subhas Chandra Bose Notes PDF in Hindi

Download Subhas Chandra Bose Notes PDF in English

Follow on Facebook

By Team Learning Mantras