Rani Laxmibai (The Rani of Jhansi) – Modern Indian History Notes PDF in English & Hindi for all Competitive Exams

Rani Laxmibai (The Rani of Jhansi): Rani Lakshmibai’s unwavering commitment to defending her kingdom and her role in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 have made her a legendary figure in the history of India’s struggle for independence.

Rani Laxmibai (The Rani of Jhansi)

Rani Lakshmibai, also known as Rani Laxmibai or the Rani of Jhansi, was a prominent and courageous Indian queen who played a significant role in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 against British colonial rule. She is remembered as a symbol of resistance, bravery, and Indian nationalism. Here are the key details of her life and her role in history:

Early Life:

  • Rani Lakshmibai was born on November 19, 1828, in Varanasi (now in Uttar Pradesh, India), as Manikarnika Tambe.
  • She was married to the Maharaja of Jhansi, Raja Gangadhar Rao, and became Queen of the Maratha-ruled princely state of Jhansi in 1842 after her marriage.
  • Her original name Manikarnika was changed to Lakshmibai after her marriage to the Maharaja.

Reign in Jhansi:

  • After the death of her husband Maharaja Gangadhar Rao in 1853, their only son also died in infancy. This led to a succession dispute.
  • The British, citing the Doctrine of Lapse, attempted to annex Jhansi on the grounds that it had no male heir. Rani Lakshmibai, however, fought to prevent the annexation.

Role in the Indian Rebellion of 1857:

  • The Indian Rebellion of 1857, often referred to as the Sepoy Mutiny or the First War of Independence, broke out in various parts of India.
  • Rani Lakshmibai played a leading role in the rebellion in Jhansi. She refused to surrender her kingdom to the British and actively resisted their attempts to annex Jhansi.
  • She took up arms and led her army in several battles against the British. Her bravery and leadership earned her the respect and admiration of many.


  • Rani Lakshmibai fought fiercely against the British forces during the siege of Jhansi in March 1858.
  • She lost her life in the battle and died in combat on June 17, 1858, in Gwalior, which was another significant battleground during the rebellion.


  • Rani Lakshmibai is remembered as a symbol of resistance against British rule. Her legacy and bravery are celebrated in Indian history and culture.
  • She is often referred to as the “Warrior Queen” or “Jhansi Ki Rani.”
  • Her life and the struggle for Jhansi continue to inspire generations of Indians and serve as a powerful symbol of Indian nationalism.
  • Rani Lakshmibai’s story has been depicted in numerous books, plays, movies, and television series, ensuring that her legacy endures.

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By Team Learning Mantras