Ovulation – Class 12 | Chapter – 3 | Biology Short Notes Series PDF

Ovulation: It is a phase in the menstrual cycle when your ovary releases an egg (ovum). Once an egg leaves your ovary, it travels down your fallopian tube where it waits to be fertilized by sperm. On average, it happens on day 14 of a 28-day menstrual cycle.

  • It is the process when the mature egg ruptures from the ovary and gets released, traveling down the fallopian tube.
  • Luteinizing hormone surges during this period causing ovulation to occur when the egg is mature.

When does ovulation occur?

  • In an average 28-day menstrual cycle, ovulation occurs about 14 days before the beginning of your next menstrual period.
  • The exact timing varies on cycle length, it may be longer or shorter.
  • It helps to track your menstrual cycle using an app on your phone or a calendar.
  • This can help you determine when ovulation is most likely to occur.
  • In short it is generally occurs in the middle of the menstrual cycle.

What are the symptoms?

  • Tender breasts
  • Bloating
  • Minor pelvic or abdominal pain
  • Light bleeding or spotting
  • Changes in the position and firmness of your cervix
  • Increased sex drive
  • Heightened sense of smell, taste or sight
  • Mood changes
  • Appetite changes

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By Team Learning Mantras