MCQ on Mass Defect: Mass defect is the difference between the actual atomic mass and the predicted mass calculated by adding the mass of protons and neutrons present in the nucleus. The actual atomic mass is less than the predicted mass calculated by adding the masses of nucleons. This additional mass is accounted for by binding energy that is released when a nucleus is formed. When a nucleus is formed, some of the mass is converted to energy and this results in the mass defect. Due to this reason, the actual mass of an atomic nucleus is less than the mass of particles it is made up of.
In this post we are providing you MCQ on Mass Defect, which will be beneficial for you in upcoming NEET, AIIMS, JEE, WBJEE, Medical and Engineering Exams.
MCQ on Mass Defect
Q1. The Binding energy per nucleon of 3Li7 and 2He4 nuclei are 5.60 meV and 7.60 meV respectively. In the nuclear reaction 3Li7+1H1 ➡️ 2He4+2He4+Q, the value of energy Q released is ______. (d) 17.3 MeV
a) 19.6 MeV
d) 17.3 MeV
(d) 17.3 MeV
Q2. The mass defect for an isotope is 0.410 amu/atom .Calculate the value of binding energy. (c) 3.69×1010
Q3.If the radius of the 13Al27 nucleus is taken to be RAl then the radius of 53Te125 nucleus is nearly (b) 5/3 RAl
b) 5/3 RAl
c) ⅗ RAl
(b) 5/3 RAl
Q4.Which of the following sentence is incorrect? (c) The total mass of protons and electrons in the atom
a) Nuclear binding energy is the energy released in the formation of an atom from subatomic particles
b) It the nucleus was formed from initially separated protons and electrons then the amount of matter converted into energy was called Mass defect.
c) The total mass of protons and electrons in the atom.
d) The most stable nuclei are molecules with the highest binding energy.
(c) The total mass of protons and electrons in the atom
Q5. A nucleus of uranium decays at rest into nuclei of thorium and helium. Then, (a)The helium nucleus has more kinetic energy than the thorium nucleus
a) The helium nucleus has more kinetic energy than the thorium nucleus
b) The helium nucleus has less momentum than the thorium nucleus
c) The helium nucleus has more momentum than the thorium nucleus
d) The helium nucleus has less kinetic energy than the thorium nucleus
(a)The helium nucleus has more kinetic energy than the thorium nucleus
Q6. Calculate the mass defect(amu/atom) for a 37Cl atom for which the actual mass is 36.966 amu. (a) 0.341 amu
a) 0.341 amu
b) 0.388 amu
c) 0.623 amu
d) 0.264 amu
(a) 0.341 amu
Q7.A nucleus has a mass number A, atomic number Z and a binding energy B. The mass of neutron and proton are mn and mp respectively and cis the speed of light.
Which of the following expressions correctly represents the mass of the nucleus? (a) (A-Z)mn+Zmp-B/c2
Q8. Which isotope below has the highest binding energy? (d) 55Mn
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