Lala Lajpat Rai – Modern Indian History Notes PDF in English & Hindi for all Competitive Exams

Lala Lajpat Rai: Lala Lajpat Rai’s life and work exemplify the spirit of self-sacrifice and determination that characterized many leaders of the Indian independence movement. He remains an iconic figure in the history of India’s struggle for freedom.

Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai, also known as “Punjab Kesari” (Lion of the Punjab), was one of the prominent leaders of the Indian independence movement. He was a fearless and dedicated freedom fighter who made significant contributions to the struggle for India’s independence from British colonial rule. Here are the key aspects of Lala Lajpat Rai’s life and contributions:

Early Life and Education:

  • Lala Lajpat Rai was born on January 28, 1865, in Dhudike, Punjab, which is now in Pakistan.
  • He received his early education in government schools and later attended Government College, Lahore, where he studied law.

Political Activism:

  • Lajpat Rai was deeply influenced by the political and social issues of his time. He became actively involved in various political and social movements from a young age.
  • He was one of the founding members of the Indian National Congress and was part of the “Lal Bal Pal” triumvirate, along with Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal, who advocated for more radical and militant methods in the struggle for Indian independence.

Contributions and Achievements:

  • Lala Lajpat Rai was a prolific writer and an eloquent orator. He used his writings and speeches to raise awareness about the issues facing India and to motivate people to join the freedom movement.
  • He actively participated in various protests and movements, including the Swadeshi Movement and the Non-Cooperation Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi.
  • Lajpat Rai was a strong advocate for Indian self-rule and made significant efforts to promote education and social reform in Punjab.

Role in Protests:

  • He played a leading role in organizing protests and demonstrations against the Simon Commission, which was perceived as an unfair and unjust colonial initiative. During one of these protests in 1928, he sustained injuries when the police lathi-charged the demonstrators.

Injuries and Death:

  • Lala Lajpat Rai’s injuries from the police baton charge during the Simon Commission protest eventually led to his death on November 17, 1928.
  • On his deathbed, he famously stated, “I declare that the blows struck at me today will be the last nails in the coffin of British rule in India.”


  • Lala Lajpat Rai is remembered as a fearless and dedicated freedom fighter who made great sacrifices for the cause of Indian independence.
  • His contributions to the Indian freedom movement continue to inspire generations of Indians.
  • Several institutions, streets, and monuments across India are named in his honor.

Download Lala Lajpat Rai Notes PDF in Hindi

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By Team Learning Mantras