First Carnatic War – Modern Indian History Notes PDF in English & Hindi for all Competitive Exams

First Carnatic War:      .

First Carnatic War

The First Carnatic War (also spelled as Karnatic) was a conflict that took place between 1746 and 1748 in southern India, involving the British East India Company, the French East India Company, and various Indian powers, primarily the Carnatic region, which is in present-day Tamil Nadu and parts of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Here are the key events and outcomes of the First Carnatic War:


  1. European Rivalry: European colonial powers, primarily the British and the French, were competing for influence and territorial control in India during the 18th century.
  2. Carnatic Region: The Carnatic, a region in southern India, was of particular interest due to its economic significance and its strategic location.

Key Events:

  1. French Expansion: The French established their presence in the Carnatic region under the leadership of Governor-General Joseph François Dupleix. They gained the support of local rulers like Chanda Sahib and Muzaffar Jung, who were opposed to the existing ruler, Anwaruddin Muhammad Khan, and his British allies.
  2. British-French Conflicts: The British, led by Governor Robert Clive, entered the conflict on the side of Anwaruddin Muhammad Khan and his successor, Muhammad Ali. This set the stage for a series of battles and conflicts between the British and the French.
  3. Conflict in Carnatic: The war was characterized by a series of military engagements, with the British and the French supporting rival claimants to the Carnatic throne. Major battles included the Battle of Adyar (1746), the Battle of Ambur (1749), and the Battle of Arni (1751).


  1. No Clear Victory: The First Carnatic War ended inconclusively. While there were significant battles and shifts in power, no clear victor emerged.
  2. Impact on Indian Rulers: The war had a profound impact on the Indian rulers of the Carnatic region. It weakened the authority of the local rulers, and their territories became battlegrounds for European colonial powers.
  3. Preceding Further Conflict: The First Carnatic War set the stage for the Second Carnatic War (1749-1754) and the Third Carnatic War (1757-1763), both of which further escalated European involvement in southern India.

European Rivalry: The conflict in the Carnatic was part of a broader European rivalry for control over India, which would continue to play out in various parts of the subcontinent for much of the 18th century.

The First Carnatic War was just the beginning of a series of conflicts in southern India, where British and French interests clashed with those of local Indian rulers and rival European powers. It was a significant chapter in the larger story of colonial competition and territorial expansion in India during the 18th century.

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By Team Learning Mantras