Branches of Biology – Class 11 | Chapter – 1 | Short Notes Series PDF

Branches of Biology: Biology is the scientific study of life. It includes several relevant branches. Below is a list of major branches of biology with a brief description of each:

Branches of Biology

Branches of Biology

Agrostology Agrostology is the scientific study of the grasses
Agrology Agrology is the soil science dealing especially with production of the crop
Agronomy Agronomy is the science of soil management and production of the crop
Allometry Allometry is the study of the relationship of body size to shape, anatomy, physiology and finally behavior.
Anthology Anthology is the study of flowers
Anatomy Anatomy is a branch of biology which deals with the study of internal structure of an organism as revealed by dissection.
Aphidology Aphidology is the study of aphids (plant lice)
Archaeobiology Archaeobiology is the study of the biology of ancient times through archaeological materials.
Anthropology Anthropology is the the science of man and mankind including his physical and mental constitution, cultural development and social conditions of present and past is called anthropology.
Agriology Agriology is the study of customs of primitive man.
Arthrology Arthrology is the study of joints.
Aerobiology Aerobiology is the study of flying organisms in relation with other flying objects
Biocybernetics Biocybernetics is the application of cybernetics to biological sciences.
Bacteriology Bacteriology is the study of bacteria.
Biophysics Biophysics is the study of physical aspects of living systems.
Biochemistry Biochemistry is the study of chemicals constituting the body and chemical reactions.
Biotechnology Biotechnology is the utilization of living organisms in industrial processes
Biogeography Biogeography is the study of the geographic distributions of living organisms.
Cell Biology Cell Biology is the study of structure, functions, reproduction, and life cycle of cells.
Chronobiology Chronobiology is the study of time-dependent phenomena in living organisms.
Ctetology Ctetology is the study of acquired characters of organisms.
Craniology Craniology is the study of skulls
Cryobiology Cryobiology is the study of the effects of low temperatures on living organisms.
Cytology Cytology is the study of the detailed structure of cells.
Cardiology Cardiology is the study of heart and its functioning.
Dendrology Dendrology is the study of shrubs and trees.
Ecology Ecology is the study of relationships between organism and environment.
Eidonomy Eidonomy is the study of the external appearance of an organism.
Endocrinology Endocrinology is the study of ductless glands and their hormones
Ethology Ethology is the study of behavior of animals
Ethno biology Ethno biology is the study of the way plants and animals are treated or used by different human cultures.
Evolution Evolution is the study of origin of life, variation and formation of new species.
Etiology Etiology is the study of the causative agent of disease.
Entomology Entomology is the study of the life history of insects.
Eugenics Eugenics is the study of science dealing with factors which improve successive generations of the human race
Euthenics Euthenics is the science deals with the improvement of future of humanity by changing environment.
Euphenics Euphenics is the treatment of defective in heredity through genetic engineering.
Enzymology Enzymology is the study of enzymes
Embryology Embryology is the study of development of embryo and its growth and repair.
Exobiology Exobiology is the study of the possibility of life in space.
Esthesiology Esthesiology is the scientific study of sensation.
Floriculture Floriculture is the cultivation of flower yielding plants.
Forensic Biology Forensic Biology is the application of biology to law enforcement.
Forestry Forestry is the development and management of forest.
Food technology Food technology is the scientific processing, preservation, storage and transportation of food.
Fishery Fishery is the catching, breeding, rearing and marketing of fishes.
Forensic science Forensic science is the application of science for identification of various facts of civilian.
Genetics Genetics is the study of heredity and variations.
Growth Growth is the permanent increase in weight, volume and size of an organism.
Genetic Engineering Genetic Engineering is the manipulation of gene in order to improve the organism.
Gerontology Gerontology is the study of the social, psychological, cognitive and biological aspects of aging.
Gynaecology Gynaecology is the study of the female reproductive organ.
Gastroenterology Gastroenterology is the study of alimentary canal or stomach, intestine and their disease.
Glycobiology Glycobiology is the study of the structure, biosynthesis, and biology of saccharides (sugar chains or glycan’s)
Haematology Haematology is the study of blood and disease caused by it.
Hepatology Hepatology is the study of liver
Hygiene Hygiene is the science taking care of health
Helminthology Helminthology is the study of parasitic worms
Hydroponics Hydroponics is the study of growing plant without soil in water which contain nutrient
Hypotonic Hypotonic is the in two solutions which have lower solute concentration is called hypotonic.
Herpatology Herpatology is the study of reptiles
Hydrobiology Hydrobiology is the science of life and life processes in water.
Immunology Immunology is the study of natural or acquired resistance to specific diseases.
Ichthyology Ichthyology is the study of fish and its culture
Karyology Karyology is the study of the nucleus
Katology Katology is the study of human beauty
Kinesiology Kinesiology is the study of muscle movements
Koniology Koniology is the study of dust in relation to its effects on health.
Limnology Limnology is the study of snails
Lipidology Lipidology is the study of lipids
Mastology Mastology is the study of breasts
Morphology Morphology is the study of form and structure
Myology Myology is the study of muscles
Mycology Mycology is the study of fungi
Microbiology Microbiology is the study of microorganisms like bacteria and viruses
Molecular Biology Molecular Biology is the study of chemicals living at the molecular level
Metazoans Metazoans is the all multicellular animals are called metazoans
Mammalogy Mammalogy is the study of mammals
Malacology Malacology is the study of molluscs and their shells.
Medicine Medicine is the study of treating disease by drug.
Mammography Mammography is the branch of science which deal test of breast cancer.
Mechanobiology Mechanobiology is the study of interface of biology and engineering.
Monoecious Monoecious is the plant which have both male and female flower.
Neonatalogy Neonatalogy is the study of new born up to the age of 2 months
Nephrology Nephrology is the study of kidneys
Neurology Neurology is the study of neurons and nerve rings.
Nutrients Nutrients is the chemical substance taken as food which are necessary for various function, growth and heath of living.
Nosology Nosology is the classification of diseases
Osteology Osteology is the study of skeletal system
Odontology Odontology is the study of teeth
Organology Organology is the study of different organs
Obstetrics Obstetrics is the science related withthe care of pregnant women before, during and after childbirth.
Ontogeny Ontogeny is the study of various life-cycles
Ornithology Ornithology is the study of birds
Ophthalmology Ophthalmology is the study of eyes
Ophiology Ophiology is the study of snakes
Olericulture Olericulture is the study of cultivation of vegetables
Orthopaedic Orthopaedic is the diagnosis and repair of disorder of the locomotery system
Oncology Oncology is the study of tumors
Physiology Physiology is the study of process and function associated with life
Pathology Pathology is the study of diseases, effects, causable agents and transmission of pathogens.
Phylogeny Phylogeny is the study of evolutionary relationship among different groups of organisms
Paleontology Paleontology is the study of fossils
Pigment Pigment is the a substance which absorb light of certain wavelength like chlorophyll found in green leaves.
Parasite Parasite is the organism which depend on other living organism for their food and shelter.
Parasitology Parasitology is the study of parasites
Primatology Primatology is the study of primates
Protozeology Protozeology is the study of protozoa
Physiotherapy Physiotherapy is the treatment of body defects through massage and exercise.
Psychiatry Psychiatry is the treatment of mental disease
Pisciculture Pisciculture is the rearing of fishes
Pedology Pedology is the study of different types of soils
Phenomics Phenomics is the study of the physical and biochemical traits of organisms
Pediatrics Pediatrics is the branch of medicine dealing with children
Phenology Phenology is the study of periodic plant and animal life cycle events.
Pomology Pomology is the study of fruits
Phycology Phycology is the study of algae
Psychobiology Psychobiology is the study of behavioural aspects of animals
Phytogeography Phytogeography is the study of plant distribution on the earth
Pharmocology Pharmocology is the scientific study of drugs
Photobiology Photobiology is the study of interaction of light and living organisms
Protistology Protistology is the study of protists (eukaryotic microorganisms)
Phvtoplaniktons Phvtoplaniktons is the microscopic organism which passively float on the surface of the water.
Psychology Psychology is the study of human mind and behavior
Paleobotany Paleobotany is the study of distribution and characteristics of fossils.
Radiology Radiology is the study of effects of radiation on the living being
Rhinology Rhinology is the study of nose and olfactory organs
Sarcology Sarcology is the study of muscles
Scotobiology Scotobiology is the study of biological effects of darkness
Sonography Sonography is the study of ultrasound imaging
Sociobiology Sociobiology is the study of the biological bases of sociology
Syndesmology Syndesmology is the study of bone joints and ligaments
Saurology Saurology is the study of lizards
Serology Serology is the study of blood serum
Sphygmology Sphygmology is the study of pulse and arterial pressure.
Silviculture Silviculture is the study of cultivation of timber yielding plants.
Sericulture Sericulture is the study of the production of silk and the rearing of silkworms for this purpose.
Splanchnology Splanchnology is the study of internal organs
Tectology Tectology is the study of structural organization of the body
Trophology Trophology is the study of nutrition science
Traumatology Traumatology is the study of wounds
Termitology Termitology is the study of termites
Tricology Tricology is the study of hairs
Toxicology Toxicology is the study of poisons and method of treatment
Taxonomy Taxonomy is the study of classification, nomenclature and identification ofthe organism.
Teratology Teratology is the study of abnormalities during embryogenesis
Therapeutics Therapeutics is the treatment of disease
Telepathy Telepathy is the communication of thoughts or ideas from one mind to another without normal use of senses. in other word this is the process of mental contact.
Urology Urology is the study of urine and its diseases
Virology Virology is the study of viruses
Venereology Venereology is the study and treatment of venereal diseases
Veterinary Science Veterinary Science is the science of health care and treatment of domestic animals.
Xylotomy Xylotomy is the study of anatomy of wood/xylem
Zoology Zoology is the study of animals
Zoogeny Zoogeny is the origin and development of animals
Zoogeography Zoogeography is the study of the distribution of animals in different geographic regions
Zymology Zymology is the study of the fermentation process
Zootechny Zootechny is the science of breeding and domesticating animals
Zoonosology Zoonosology is the study of handicapped animals
Zoopathology Zoopathology is the study of diseases of animals

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